What do frogs eat? What Can I Feed A Frog?

what do frogs and toads eat

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Frogs eat a wild variety of Natural food. While you pet a frog at home, it, fortunately, is not difficult to replicate their natural dietary needs.

Individuals, who pet frogs mostly come up with the question, what does a frog eat? Though frog diet is not complex, proper nutrition too can’t be ignored.  

What to Feed Your Frog?

Frogs being wild amphibians are mainly dependent upon both plants and meat. Because they are the widely known amphibians and are found in most of the continents, their diet can be diverse.

While you plan to bring home a frog as your pet, it is essential first to design a blueprint for all their needs. Frogs are both carnivorous and predators; thus, make sure your pet frog is fed with both diets.

Though before feeding your Frog, make sure you are well versed with some specific questions. What to feed a grown-up frog? When to feed your Frog? What to feed younger Frog? How much to feed your Frog?

do frogs eat insects
do frogs eat insects? do frogs eat beetle?

What do frogs eat? 

Frogs eat a wide array of things in natural settings. Their plant-based diet includes algae, small leaves, lettuce, broccoli, carrot, cucumber, etc. In contrast, their carnivorous diet includes anything from flies, fly larvae, mosquitoes, worms, and other invertebrates.

However, according to Dr. Emi Knafo, DVM, a clinical professor at Tufts University’s Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine, not alone feeding but providing a close to the natural environment is also essential while you pet a frog.

Further, depending upon Frog’s age and region that they were rescued from, their diet too will change accordingly.

What do young frogs eat?

A young frog who is newly hatched feeds on the yoke of their won egg. Until they are a week old, you don’t really need to feed them with anything at all.

Newly hatched frogs do not have mouths and can barely move but they can survive on their own.

What do I feed to an adult frog?

Adult Frog needs a regular diet at frequent intervals. However, because they are nocturnal feeders, they will mostly eat during the night hours.

Frog Diet- Plant-based vegetarian options

  • Algae Wafers
  • Green Peas
  • Zucchini
  • Broccoli
  • Baby Spinach
  • Carrot
  • Cucumber
  • Banana
  • Variety of leafy vegetables
  • Beans

Frog Diet- Carnivorous options

  • Fish flakes
  • Aphids
  • Bloodworms
  • Crickets
  • Locust
  • Pellets
  • Mealworms
  • Broccoli
  • Fruit flies
  • Insect larvae
  • Red worms
  • Water striders

While feeding frogs with a carnivorous diet, make sure it is fresh, and here fresh means alive. Frogs like to catch their own meal; thus, you can duplicate the experience for them.

If you have a frog tank, line it with some small plants and leave their diet over those plants. Let the Frog find and eat whatever comes on their way.

All of their Carnivorous diets are readily available on the live reptile store. Or you can also raise your own crickets and other doable invertebrates.

Also, while petting a frog, always ensure you feed them calorie-dense food only in moderation. Frogs require more protein and nutrients instead of carbs, sugar, and fats.

My Frog Won't Eat
Frog eating worms

How Much and How Often Do I Feed My Frog?

The frequency of feeding frogs depends mostly upon their age and species. Like younger frogs needs to be fed every single day. Especially the ones who are under 15-16 weeks require a highly nutritious diet in order to grow healthier and stronger.

Though, adult frogs can go 2 to 3 days without eating. If you have an adult frog, you can feed them every alternative day, only a little portion at a time.

Several Herpetologists suggest that you must feed your adult frog 5 to 7 insects per week. However, serve them one at a time as overeating can make them sick.

Regardless that frogs cannot get obese, but the food more than required can trouble their digestive health.

Apart from age, “how much does a frog eats” also depends upon which species they are. For example, dwarf frogs and American bullfrogs are incredibly energetic and thus require more food than usual.

If you own any of them, ensure you provide them with live food all the time. Whereas on the other hand, White’s tree frog can go a whole week without eating.

Does My Frog Need Vitamins or Supplements?

Yes, frogs require a good amount of nutrients, especially Vitamin A. Generally, frogs get protein, calcium, mineral, and vitamin from most of their Carnivorous diet.

However, because the pet frogs in captivity get limited nutrients than the ones in the wild, they might require supplements.

Frogs require a high amount of Vitamin A, but unfortunately, they cannot produce it on their own.

Hence feed them gut-loaded insects who must themselves have fed upon vitamin-rich food. You can also dust your frog food with essential vitamins and minerals. Or opt for commercial gut-load food that includes a good proportion of supplements.

What About Accidental Ingestion?

Frogs can accidentally gulp few other things than their food. While you are petting a tree frog, make sure you keep the floor of their habitat absolutely clean.

Even with water frogs, ensure that there isn’t anything alien served while their feeding duration.

According to Knafo, Astroturf and felt make safe substrates, and thus frog owners must follow the same.

What Size Prey Should I Get for My Frog?

According to what Dr. Knafo suggests, frogs must not be fed with large food portions. As per the general thumb rule, feed them smaller insects that size no more than the gap between their frog’s eyes.

Or feed plants that are smaller than the width of their head. Because frogs don’t chew but swallow/ gulp their food, anything big can adversely impact their intestines.

How should I feed my Frog?

Though frogs are natural predators and roam in the wild to search for food, serving them as pets can be slightly different.

Because a new pet frog can get stressed in an alien environment, try serving them within their enclosure.

Serve a small portion at a time and then repeat only once they are done with the last.

This way, you can notice if the Frog is unwell or whether the food item is causing them any reaction. Also, if anything is left for long, consider removing it from their enclosure.

What Should I NEVER Feed My Frog?

Frogs are strictly dependent upon naturally available food. Therefore,

  • Avoid feeding them with anything artificial, commercial, and seasoned.
  • Avoid feeding your frog anything big (like bugs and insects). Always try to serve them the tiniest portions.
  • Avoid serving them crunchy vegetables like cumber, carrot, radish or fruits like apple. Instead, boil, slice or mash any such before serving.
  • Avoid serving raw cabbage, lettuce, or broccoli but lightly boil them before.
  • Avoid feeding frogs the fruits that are high in glucose.

Can Frogs eat meat?

Yes, frogs are strictly meat eaters, and their dietary needs largely depend upon crickets and other invertebrates. However, that does not mean that they can eat red meat like chicken, goat, buffalo, pig, etc.

Strictly avoid serving your pet frog food like minced red meat or meat pieces. Any of this can imbalance their nutritional need and can develop the risk of food poisoning.

What Do Frogs Drink? Do Frogs drink water?

Yes, frogs do drink water, but the fun fact is “Frogs do not drink water with their mouth”. Right on their abdomen, frogs have a small patch that can absorb water.

Frogs generally do not drink but absorb water to fulfill their drinking requirements. This process is also called Osmosis or through the skin.

Do Frogs eat Fruits and vegetables? What fruits do frogs eat?

Yes, frogs can eat fruits and vegetables, but they may not be their most favorite. Their eating habits begin from nibbling on moss, algae, and tiny plants found in or around the water tanks. Frogs naturally do not hunt for fruits and vegetables; however, you can feed them to your pet frogs.

List of Fruits and Vegetables you can feed pet frogs:

  • Cabbage/ lettuce- Diced cabbage and lettuce into small pieces and leave them for boiling/ steaming/ blanching. Make sure their tough cellulose layers are destroyed. Now mash it and drop it into the frog tank.
  • Banana- Cut banana into the tiniest pieces or mash it before dropping it into the frog tank.
  • Peas- Lightly boil a few peas. Now let them cool, mash them slightly and drop them into the frog tank.
  • Cucumber- Peel all the cucumber. Now cut the tiniest slices out of it. Chop it into the smallest pieces and then drop it into the frog tank.
  • Carrot– Either boil/mash or puree carrots before feeding them to frogs. If the carrot is really hard, consider giving it a quick boil.
  • Apples- Peel and thinly slice an apple. Further, drop it into the frog tank.

Vegetarian Diet of frogs

Do frogs eat lettuce?

Yes, frogs do eat lettuce, and for pet frogs, it is a major part of their diet. Frogs get a high amount of nutrition from leafy vegetables that posse’s water inside them. Options for the same include lettuce, cabbage, spinach, algae, etc. Make sure you break its celluloid layer in some ways before feeding lettuce.

Will frogs eat bananas?

Yes, frogs eat bananas. Finely cut/ mash banana and drop it into your frog tank. Similarly, like bananas, you can offer sweet potato as a treat to your frogs. However, limit these options only to treats and avoid giving frogs an overdose of glucose.

Can frogs eat potatoes?

Yes, frogs can eat boiled or thinly sliced/ diced potatoes. Potatoes are rich in Vitamin C, Vitamin B6, fiber, protein, and other nutrients. Though because it is a carb and glucose-rich vegetable, limit potatoes only as treats, once a week.

Do frogs eat grass?

Frogs are not very picky about their food and are opportunistic hunters. They will feed on possibly anything that comes in their way. Frogs who live in the wild can eat grass occasionally.

If you are a frog owner, feed them the tiniest and softest leaves. Monitor for a few days if they finish it and are showing no side effects. If yes, you can feed grass to frogs.

Can a frog eat rice?

Frogs basically will eat anything that will fit inside their mouth. Similar is with rice. Frogs love both raw and boiled rice and will happily eat them. However, anything that is rich in carbohydrates and fats should be given to them in moderation. Rice can make frogs way too fat and big, making it inconvenient for them to move.

Can frogs eat fish food?

Almost all species of frogs can eat fish food. Though if your pet frog has never survived in the wild, do an allergy test with them before feeding them fish food. Usually, the African Dwarf Frogs can eat commercial fish food, small live fish, and other food verities.

Can frogs eat popcorn?

Anything that is not naturally found must not be fed to frogs. Popcorns, though are soft but can get stuck on the food pipe of frogs. Also, seasoned popcorns are a big no-no for frogs.

Do frogs eat cat food?

No frogs do not eat cat food and must not be fed on the same at any cost. You might find your pet frog in your pet cat’s food bowl but feeding them the same is not advisable.

Non-Vegetarian Diet of frogs

What do frogs eat besides bugs?

Frogs feed mainly upon live prey and a non-vegetarian diet. Besides bugs, they can eat Crickets, worms, flies, springtails, grasshoppers, moths, and spiders. Some big frogs can even eat newborn mice, lizards, small fish, snakes, and others.

Do frogs eat fruit flies?

Fruit flies are one of the most common prey for pet frogs. Because it is readily available inside homes, you might encounter your Frog seeking one.

Do frogs eat snails and slugs?

Yes, frogs will eat anything they can prey on, and that comes on their way. Generally, giant frogs catch snails and slugs.

Do frogs eat mosquitoes?

Do frogs eat mosquitoes? Yes, frogs eat mosquitos; however, it is not a substantial part of their diet. During monsoons, when mosquitoes, mosquito larvae, locusts, and other such insects increase in large number, frogs contribute in keeping a check on their population.

Can a frog eat a mouse?

Yes, frogs can eat mice; however, not all of them. Frog species like African bullfrogs, larger Green/Grey Tree frogs, and Pacman frogs can eat mice. These larger frog species can even go on eating reptiles, birds, fish, smaller rodents, and other amphibians.

Can frogs eat poisonous spiders?

Most frogs eat creepy crawlies, including spiders as well. Though poisonous and venomous insects must not get introduced to their digestive system, but if ingested, it won’t harm either.

Can a frog eat a tarantula?

Big frogs can eat tarantulas though they usually refrain from doing so. Snakes, spider-eating birds, and lizards are some predators of tarantulas.

Do frogs eat spiders?

Anything that comes in their way, frogs can gulp it down. These generalist predators will surely eat a spider if it fits in their mouth.

Can frogs eat Daddy Long Legs?

Yes, Daddy’s long legs are one of the common foods for both tods and frogs. Because they are tiny and easily digestible, frogs would love feeding on them.

Do frogs eat potato bugs?

Yes, frogs will eat potato bugs and thousands of other fruit and vegetable bugs as well.

Can frogs eat dead crickets?

Frogs only eat live insects and would rarely feed upon dead insects. However, during food scarcity, wild frogs can also feed on dead cricket and other dead insects.

Do common frogs eat ants?+dead ants?

Yes, frogs eat almost any tiny and moving insect that comes on their way. They might not always prefer eating ants, but it isn’t an avoidable option as well.

Can Frog eat earthworms?

Earthworms are a nutritionally complete food and thus the best choice for amphibians, including frogs. To ensure your pet frog is getting enough nutrition, make sure you feed them earthworms more frequently.

Why do frogs eat worms?

Frogs do not have teeth, and thus, they like to eat anything that can be swallowed. From small worms to bloodworms and earthworms, all such are some great food options for them.

Do frogs eat water beetles? Do bullfrogs eat beetles?

Yes, frogs, especially the water frogs, prey water beetles. Though Regimbartia attenuates, one of the strongest water beetles has a high will to survive.

It can escape through the Frog’s digestive tract and can come out of its other end. Crayfish, water beetles, snails make for 80% of the Frog’s diet in the wild. Beetles are one of the favorite foods for pet bullfrogs.

Do leopard frogs eat snails?

Northern leopard frogs can eat creepy crawlies, including snails, leeches, small insects, and spiders. They can also feed upon tiny frogs, tadpoles, fishes, birds, and even snakes.

Can frogs eat aphids?

Frogs are one of the prime predators of aphids. Along with Aphids, frogs feed upon ladybugs, lacewings, whitefly, and blackfly.

Do frogs eat other frogs? if Yes, Why

Yes, frogs can eat other frogs, including anything small that can be swallowed/ gulped. However, frogs won’t eat other frogs until and unless food is scarce for them.

What do toads eat and what do you not want to feed them

What do toads eat? What can I feed a toad?

Toads can eat almost everything that a frog eats. Their diet may include alae, moss, small plants, vegetables, fruits, insects, creepy crawlies, fish food, commercial tod food, etc.

What’s the difference between a toad and a frog?

Toads are the younger version of frogs. They have tiny legs, and they usually crawl to navigate here and there. On the other hand, frogs have bigger legs, and to move, they would instead hop. Toads have dry and warty skin, whereas frogs and glossy and slippery skin.

All toads are frogs, but not all frogs are toads.

They are both amphibians in the order Anura, which means “without a tail.

For Further Reading: What do Toads eat? The complete guide to toad food

What eats a frog in a food chain?

Grasshoppers feed on grass; frogs feed on grasshopper; snakes feed on frogs, and hawks feed on snakes completing the food chain.


How to Feed Worms to Axolotl? A Guide to Worm Farming!

how to feed worms to axolotl

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Have you ever wondered how convenient and beneficial worm farming can prove? Effective ways to Feed Worms To Axolotl Garden enthusiasts and Amphibian owners agree to the fact that worm farming has several benefits.

Worm Farming For Amphibians (Frogs, Salamanders, And Axolotls)

What is worm farming?

Worm farming or Vermicomposting is a natural and sustainable way to produce your own food for amphibians.

It is an incredibly effective way with several advantages of which cost-effectiveness and sustainability are the most important.

Once you have a wealthy popping warm farm, you are sorted for a limitless food supply for amphibians.

How to setup a worm farm at home.

Setting up and Maintaining Worm farming for Amphibians!

Worm farming isn’t rocket science, but the right steps are crucial to ensure that no efforts go to waste.

Here is a quick and easy guide that will narrate all the necessities of building your own worm farm. Have a look:

  1. Firstly, take a large plastic tub, preferably 25L with extra width. Make sure you have a well fixing lid, which will further help keep worms inside.
  2. Now collect a pin, a pair of pliers, a candle, and a matchbox.
  3. Light the candle, hold the pin in the pliers and heat it over the candle flame. With the help of a heated pin, punch multiple holes on the lid for allowing air to pass. Keep the holes tiny, ensuring no worms can pass away through them.
  4. Now take some soil. You can take untreated compost or soil, including organic compost, plain topsoil and several others. Take 10 to 15L of soil at first, though further, you would require some more for topping up occasionally.
  5. Further, get some worms. Begin with 50 worms. You can buy worms from organic farming suppliers, seed shops, pet stores, bait shops or even online platforms. Choose from Segmented worm-like tiger worms, lobworms, nightcrawlers, red wrigglers etc.

Nevertheless, Optionally

  • Catch your own worms from your backyard or garden. (The process of catching worms is explained below).
  • Now fill the plastic tub with compost and then add the worms. If you live in a warm region, sprinkle some water over the tub (soil and worms).
  • Further, boil some potatoes until they are cooked- Take any kind of potato, even sprouted, green, or cold-stored. Now slice them in not more than ¼ inch thickness and then put them to boil. Once done, crush them roughly and lay a thin layer of it on the top of the worm tub. Do not add anything else to the potatoes.  
  • Now keep the worm farm in the dark place like cupboard, outhouse, storeroom, or covered under a thick layer. The purpose here is to stop the tub from getting heated up by the sunshine.
  • Check occasionally and once your warms have eaten the last batch of food, feed them again. Along with cooked potatoes, you can use vegetable waste, cooked (without seasoning) vegetables etc. You can also use grains like oats, though avoid fruits as they can turn acidic.
  • Make sure the soil does not get too wet. If it does, remove the soil, recover the worms and mix them with dry soil and use them again. (The damp soil you removed can be used for gardening.)

TIP: To keep the moisture build-up at bay, replace the plastic lid with something cotton. For example, take a breathable cotton cloth and tie it firmly over the pot with some elastic. Doing so will encourage evaporation and prevent moisture build-up.

Worm breeding or vermicomposting takes three months. Their breeding cycle is nearly one month, where the process of mating and egg-laying takes place.

Also, because worms are hermaphroditic, each individual possesses male and female sexual organs thus don’t worry about their gender.

Once you have got successful results from worm farming, you can further feed them to your amphibians.

Consider keeping the biggest worms for further breeding and use the mid and small-sized one for feeding. As and when the breeding flourishes, you can increase the number of tubs.

For Further Reading:

How to Catch worms from your garden?

Catching worms isn’t a great deal of effort, though luck and weather play an important role. After a rainy evening, step out in your garden and look for worms on a hot weather day.

  • Begin with finding a bare garden space that is free of chemicals and fertilizers. Now take some boiled potato mash/ slice and place it over the empty garden space. You can also take wet newspaper or cardboard instead.  
  • Further, after 30 minutes, pick up the potato mash/ slice or newspaper/ cardboard and check for worms underneath. A successful effort will generate a wealth of worms and creepy crawlies.

You can try this method on other areas or another batch frequently if the condition suits you.

How to Feed Worms to Your Axolotl?

The Axolotl is the aquatic amphibians whose dietary needs depend solely upon meat. Unlike other amphibians, petting an Axolotl is strictly a task of alertness and effort.

Even though it is well known that Axolotl eats worms, do you know how to feed them to your Axolotl?

Axolotl have particularly week teeth which makes it impossible for them to grind and bite.

Thus like several other amphibians, Axolotl too sucks their food and digests it in their intestines.

As per the thumb rule, feed worms that are no larger than Axolotl’s mouth. The perfect size is equal to the gap (width) between their eyes.  

Benefits of Feeding Worms

The digestive system of an Axolotl is designed for a protein-rich diet which makes worms the best food option.

Worms are a rich source of nutrients offering a high level of amino acids, iron, and protein.

They also contain calcium as per cow’s milk, along with copper, manganese, and zinc.

Eating worms promotes healthy gill filament growth in Axolotl.

Worm saddle circled in Red Source: caudata.org

What Types of Worms can Axolotls Eat?

Though they are highly dependent upon worms, it didn’t mean Axolotls can eat all and any worms.

Here are some best and recommended worms you can feed to Axolotls.

Micro worms:

Because Micro worms are small in size, a freshly hatched or baby Axolotl will quickly eat them.

Blackworms, Bloodworms, Earthworms:

They are ideal for grown-up/ young Axolotls. Though because certain worms can be huge, consider buying the smaller version or cut them into pieces.

In contrast, a growing Axolotl can eat half to 1 worm daily. A grown-up Axolotls can have two worms daily.

Mealworm and Wax Worm:

Further, because mealworms have strong jaws, they can harm Axolotl’s intestines.

Therefore, before feeding mealworms, consider crushing or removing their head and then provide them as a treat.

How often should you feed axolotls? Well, Do not feed it more than once in 10 days.

In contrast, Wax Worms are big and complex, thus tricky for Axolotls to swallow.

Wax Worms are rich in carbohydrates and fats, which can prove unhealthy for Axolotl in the long run. You can use them as treats but only in moderation.

how to feed worms to axolotl?

Which worms to avoid feeding Axolotls?

Worms that have a hard exoskeleton like Red Wigglers are really bad for your Axolotls.

Anything with a hard exoskeleton, Axolotls find it challenging to digest.

They might not like the taste, and it can upset their stomach as well.

Though Red wigglers are a treatment option for Axolotls, you must still be really cautious while feeding them. A similar case is with Mealworms.

Alabama Jumpers are another no for feeding your Axolotls. They are found in Asia and are not native to the United States. Alabama Jumpers are vital and thus great for soil and gardening;

However, this quality makes them worst for feeding. Because of their aggressive wiggling and strength, Alabama Jumpers are not ideal for feeding your Axolotls or other amphibians.

Avoid feeding Canadian and European nightcrawlers to your Axolotls. Both of them are usually dyed for fishing; thus, it is advisable to avoid them for feeding purposes.

How to Store Your Worms?

Not only breeding but storing your worms is also an art of the proper techniques and efforts. Holding your worms depends mainly upon the type of worm you are breeding.

  • Storing Blackworms

Black worms are really easy to store. Take a food-safe container with a wide bottom and fill it up to 2 inches with water.

Now spread a thin layer of blackworms over it. Ensure you rinse them frequently with cold water, or black worms can die because they get too dirty.

  • Storing Nightcrawlers

The best way to store nightcrawlers is in the fridge. Simply pack them in a plastic container and keep them inside the refrigerator. This way, they will last long and fresh.

  • Storing Dendrobaena Worms.

Dendrobaena worms are really easy to store. Like blackworms, store your Dendrobaena in a plastic bucket, half-filled with water.

Close the bucket and make sure you store it in a cool and shaded place.

  • Storing Lobworms

Storing Lobworms is a matter of effort. They are mainly transported in a mix of moss peat, cardboard, cardboard dust, and clay dust.

Thus, it is essential to store them in a similar condition. They don’t need the coldest temperature; therefore, you can keep them in a shaded, darkroom.

Though, make sure that the container you are using is well ventilated.

How to Make a Worm Bin?

If you have amphibians at home, worm bins are the best way to feed earthworms to them. It not only provides for feeding, but worms can even breed in the bins, economically producing more food.

For worm bins, either invest in a pre-made worm bin or DIY your own container out of waste at home.

DIY worm bin at home

  • Take a few plastic boxes and a plastic lid.
  • Now heat a knife over the flame and then poke small holes at the base of a plastic box.
  • Spread a thin layer of rocks on the bottom of the box as it will help for drainage.
  • Now poke a hole on the second box as well. Further, set it inside the box with rocks.
  • Further fill the top box with composting like dead leaves, crushed eggshells, topsoil etc. You can also add non-glossy black and white newspaper and cardboard.
  • Now mix some vegetable scraps. Consider steaming the vegetable scraps first, as it will help worms to break them faster. Just make sure you do not overfill the vegetable scraps, or it will lead to a foul smell.
  • Also, you must fill the bin with composting material, about an inch or two from the top.
  • Once all of this is done, pour or sprinkle some water to generate moisture. Make sure it is moderately damp.
  • Further, stir your worms into the compost bin and then put the lid over.

Consider turning soil up and down every alternative day. You can do it with the help of a spoon or fork—the process aid in the aeration and proper mixing of the compost.

Once there is no more food left, consider adding more vegetable scrap.

How to keep worms from escaping?

There are chances that a few worms might attempt to escape. In such a case, consider putting a small light on the top of the bin. Doing this will encourage worms to stay on the soil only.

Also, make sure you keep the worm bin in a cool, dry, and dark place.

Things to avoid while doing Worm farming and breeding

  • Do not add meat, bone, and fat to the compost.
  • Avoid adding butter, sour cream, milk, cheese and whole egg though eggshells are fine.
  • Do not add vegetables like tomatoes, onions and garlic. 
  • Avoid adding any citrus food to the compost.
  • Fruit pits and avocado pits would take an eternity to break down in a worm bin.
  • Do not feed any hot manure to your worms. It is basically the un-composted animal waste. 
  • Don’t t let the temperature and moisture level increase.
  • Try to avoid overfeed worms. 
  • Do not let your worm farm out in high sun and rain.


Breeding and feeding worms require patience, knowledge, the right skills, and experience.

Always ensure that your worm bin has enough space for ventilation, or the results might dishearten you.

You might fail at first, but worm farming and feeding can become an easy job for you with few chances and trials.



How Much To Feed Axolotl?+ How often to feed?

How Much To Feed Axolotl

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Axolotls are the group of Amphibians also classified as salamander or the Walking fish. Their habitat is native to the high-altitude body of water, for example, lakes. It’s surprising to know that Axolotls can eat basically anything that fits their mouth.

However, they strictly feed upon a carnivorous diet. From worms, small fishes, insects to salmon pellets and brine shrimp, there’s an array of food options for Axolotl. Though individuals taking care of Axolotl often question. How Much & How Often Do I Feed My Axolotl?

How Much Should I Feed my Axolotl?

If your Axolotl has suddenly stopped eating, you might run into a panic. However, there isn’t something to worry about, except the amount of food you feed them.

The amount of food an Axolotl will ideally require depends upon their size, maturity, age, and temperature.

While young Axolotls require eating once every single day, you can feed them a small bloodworm. Though for adult Axolotls, feed them two fishes or shrimps thrice a week.

Meanwhile, during high-temperature days when their metabolism is fast, Axolotls eat more. Whereas on colder days, they will eat less.

what does axolotl eat? axolotl feeding earthworm

How Often to Feed Axolotl?

Digestion is an extremely slow process in Axolotls; thus, always look for the amount of food you are serving.

While young Axolotls can eat daily, make sure you precisely know the amount of food they require.

Likewise, in adult Axolotls, feeding twice or thrice a week is enough. Both overfeeding and underfeeding can lead to gastric problems. Or it can even generate bile formation around their stomach linings.

On the contrary, weather conditions play an important role in how much & how often should you feed Axolotl?

If it’s hot and humid, their digestive system will work faster, though digestion slowdowns during cold and dry weather.

For Further Reading

How to Feed Axolotl?

You cannot simply throw food in the Axolotl tank and expect them to eat it. Simply take a worm/ pellet or small fish in a tong and wiggle it in Infront of your Axolotl’s mouth. Let them catch their own prey.

What is the best time to feed Axolotl?

Axolotls like eating at night and are not specified in a mood to eat during the day. Pay attention to their food habits as a lot of Axolotls like to eat during a specific hour each day.

If your Axolotl isn’t eating well, it may not always be a feeling of full but unspecific feeding hours.

What should I feed Axolotl?

What do you feed Axolotls? Several individuals often come up with the question, What Should I feed my Axolotl? The answer to it is quite simple. Axolotls can eat a wide variety of carnivorous food.

It may include freshwater shrimps, tadpoles, bloodworms, insects, small fishes, etc. Axolotls at wild depend upon the discussed food items, though one as a pet can rely on other options.

There is various convenient food, including raw beef meat, liver, and lamb heart. Though before feeding any of these meats, make sure all the fat of them is trimmed.

Axolotls have it a high time digesting fats and carbohydrates. Also, because Axolotls do not have teeth, thaw and mince the meat manually before feeding them.

Axolotl eating whole Guppy fish

What food should I avoid feeding Axolotl?

What Shouldn’t You Feed Axolotls? Axolotls will happily feed upon whatever food you offer them. Though as an alert and educated human, there are few exceptions you should learn.

  • Avoid oily and fatty food.
  • Avoid carbohydrates or excessive protein. Even though protein is essential for Axolotl’s growth, they might have a high time digesting if feed-in excess.
  • Do not feed them anything that is big in size. Axolotls have a small mouth with no teeth at all. They will simply swallow small food items but might chock on anything bigger than their mouth.
  • Do not feed them anything with a hard Exoskeleton. Axolotls can swallow such food items, but they will come out in whole instead of crossing the digestion process.
  • Avoid processed or preserved meat. Anything that is loaded with chemicals, preservation, and artificial substances proves difficult for Axolotls to digest.
  • Avoid serving Feeder fish to Axolotl. The statement is a little controversial amongst several experts, but avoid it as Feeder fish can transfer diseases and parasites. If you want to feed, make sure the fish are quarantined at least 30 days before you feed them.
  • Do not feed them an herbivorous diet. You Axolotl may eat it without any fuss, but a plant-based diet will provide no nutrition to their growth.

How Long Can Axolotl Go Without Food?

Axolotl takes considerable time to digest, and thus they can easily go 2 to 3 days without eating. A well-fed adult Axolotl can go up to 3 weeks without any food. They won’t even suffer from the effect.

However, the condition is only ideal if the water temperature is below 15 degrees Celsius. If the temperature is above the level, you will need to feed them twice or thrice a week.

In contrast, feed baby Axolotls daily, ensuring they receive enough nutrition during their growing period.

Feeding an Axolotl is completely upon the individual. You can either feed them two or three times a week in moderation. Or feed them until full, and they are good to go for the next two to three weeks.

How you want to feed your Axolotl is completely up to you. You can either feed it until it is full, and you should be good to go for two weeks at the very least. Feeding in moderation is marked safer.

Why if my Axolotl not eating?

If your Axolotl has stopped eating, there could be several reasons responsible for that.

The first and common reason can be weather/ temperature. Axolotls are subtropical and thus cannot handle high temperatures.

If the temperature reaches above 20 Degree Celsius, heat stress in Axolotl can lead to less eating. Further, with 24 Degree Celsius and above, the situation can prove deadly for Axolotls.

  • Moving stress and a new environment are also responsible if your Axolotl is not eating.
  • They will not eat if the food item is too hard, too big or have some artificial flavour (salt or sweet).
  • They can refuse to eat due to aggressive tankmates.
  • Intestinal parasites can make Axolotl throw up and not eat for weeks. In such cases, contact a veterinarian immediately.
  • If they have ingested something like gravel and sand, Axolotl can avoid eating. Sometimes the problem will itself go away, but it becomes vital to meet a veterinarian at times.
  • Axolotl likes to live in clean water, and if your water tank is dirty or stinking, they will refuse to eat.
  • Overeating can slow down their digestion process, resulting in less eating amongst Axolotl.

How to Tell if Axolotls are Overfed?

Axolotls are opportunistic eaters and thus will eat anything available in their tanks. Though as an owner, you have to make sure they aren’t overfed.

There’s a simple thumb rule that will help you limit overfeeding in Axolotls. So, How To Avoid Overfeeding Axolotl?

Axolotl’s head and belly are near the same size. If the belly of your Axolotl is getting bigger than their head, you are overfeeding him.

It is very easy to notice the change as their belly holds food for an extended period due to slower digestion.

Another hack- If your Axolotl is floating instead of swimming, it is because you have overfed them.

If you feel like Axolotl is not interested in eating, avoid forcing them. Never force food into their mouth, or they may end up getting sick. Overfeeding in Axolotls can lead to several harmful ailments, specifically digestive problems.

How to tell if Axolotls are Underfed?

Similarly, like Overfeeding, you can determine underfeeding amongst Axolotls depending upon their belly size. If their belly is not as wide and plump as their head, Axolotls are underfed. Though do not mistake plump with obese.

How often does an Axolotl poop?

Axolotls poop solid stool within a day or 2 of eating. Because they have a slow metabolism, they may not poop daily.

What does Newly Hatched Axolotl eat?

A newly hatched Axolotl will feed upon their pouch for the first 48 hours. Their pouch is basically a yolk sac attached to their stomach.

Once the Yolk Sac is exhausted, baby Axolotl will eat algae, waste, and remains of trout & salmon. Or they can also attack small larvae.

Will axolotls stop eating when full?

Where some Axolotls aren’t mindful eaters, some will stop eating when they are full. However, as an amphibian owner, you should control their food.

Do Axolotls need vitamin or mineral supplements?

Axolotls are dependent upon food that is rich in nutrients (Vitamin and Minerals). Everything they eat, from nightcrawlers to fish and worms, is rich in vital nutrients.

Axolotls would not need Vitamin and Mineral supplements until you feed them poorly or on an herbivorous diet.

In case of necessity, feed them complete food/superfoods that are available in the supermarket/ pet store. You can search them with names like, ‘Complete food for Axolotls’ and more.

How many pellets Should I Feed My Axolotl?

There is no specific count of how many pellets should feed your Axolotl.

While introducing them with Pellets, feed them nearly 5 or 6 at first. Adult Axolotl can eat even a dozen pellets.

Now figure how many have they ate, and for the next time, remove two from the count.

Always choose the right size of Pellets that are easy to swallow. If you have big Axolotl, consider crushing them in half.


Depending upon how young or old your Axolotl is, always feed them in moderation. Feeding frequency for Axolotls depends upon their age and size.

While a young Axolotl will require feeding daily, an adult Axolotl must be feed twice a week.

If you are a new Axolotl parent, always begin with feeding smaller to intermediate portions. Every portion must have food that they can eat in 5 minutes.

Lesser the portion after that and monitor how much they eat. Shortly you will figure out how much to feed your Axolotl.

Top 20 Differences in Male Frog and Female Frog.

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How to Tell if Your Tree Frog Is Male or Female

One of the common questions Frog lovers come with is how to differentiate between a Male and a Female Frog?

Especially while introducing a new Tree Frog at home, pet owners often wonder whether it is a male or female. 

Learning about a Tree Frog’s sex is relatively easier than several Biologist makes it look.

To determine gender, there are several male and female characteristics to look upon.

As long as you know about the frog’s species, the process becomes easy. 

Differentiate from the appearance.  

Size and color

Commonly, the female frogs are larger than the male. Female frogs are usually half an inch longer and slightly heavier than males.

So, looking at their size, you can differentiate between their gender. 

This is also the reason, during the mating process, female frog carries male frogs on their back.

Due to their own size and weight, it is easier for them to do the same.

For color, male frogs have different body spots and marking in some species than female frogs. 

Ear (Enlarged tympanum)

The tympanum or eardrum is a circular area near the frog’s eye.

If the tympanum is larger than a frog’s eye, it is definitely a male frog.

However, if the tympanum is smaller or equals to the eye’s size, it is a female frog.

Determine the gender during Mating

Another way to determine a frog’s gender is during Mating or by their mating behavior.

For the mating process, a male frog generally hops onto the back of a female frog.

A male frog can hop onto both males and females from the tribe.

However, they will stay in a female, finally holding onto her until she lays her eggs.  

Also, during the mating process, the color of the male frog’s throat gets darker than that of the female frog.

Hugging and Humping are also male-only behaviors when it comes to frogs. 

Closely listen to their Calls and Sounds.

Male frogs advertise themselves all night making the croaking sound.

Especially during the mating season, call from potential breeding sites in order to attract the female from their tribe. Upon listening to the best sound, females choose their mate. 

However, there are certain species where both genders make calls.

Male frogs typically croak at night and even keep away the other males from their territory.

Female frogs can croak in order to respond. Or you may hear them scream when in danger. However, like males, they won’t croak continuously at night.

Look upon their vocal sacs.

When a male frog makes a sound, its vocal sac fills with air, and its throat expands.

In Contrast, the rest of the time, male throats are thin with baggy skin.

At the same time, the female frog’s throat remains smooth and of the same size all the while. 

Male frog’s throat skin is also different in color than their entire body. At the same time, the female frog’s throat is of the same color. 

Other Physical differences

Male frogs at times can have heavier-looking arms than females with noticeable muscular growth.

It is because while gripping onto the female frogs, the males develop hook-shaped adornments on their hands. 

Male frogs’ vocal cords are present at the ventrolateral side of the throat; however, female frogs lack in the same. 

In some species, female frogs have smoother skin while the male has rougher skin. 

In North American frogs, females are brown with a hint of red coloration. At the same time, males are light to dark brown in color.

However, the red tint in female frogs develops when they are ready (Aged enough) for reproduction.

A female frog that is not adult enough may not have that red tint. 

North American frogs, dedicatedly the males, have a tail-like structure.

They use this structuring during Mating for fertilizing the female eggs internally.

However, a female frog from the species lacks tails. Male of this species also have hair-like papilla or mustaches of spines. 

During the breeding season, the abdomen of a female frog grows or swells.

It happens because the female abdomen is full of ova released from mature ovaries.

In Contrast, the male abdomen does not change much.

Nuptial pads on the hands or thumbs

Male and female frogs have a slight difference in their hands and thumbs. Each of their thumbs has rough patches and raised flesh.

If their thumb looks larger then thicker than another finger, it is definitely a male frog.

Though these differences are not the best for determining a frog’s gender, they can help you a bit.

During Mating, the male thumb enlarges (raised/ puff) and gets dark. It gets a patch of textured skin, which is also called a nuptial pad.

This even helps male frogs to hold on tight over females’ backs during Mating. 

However, some tree frogs do not have nuptial pads. Other than that, female frogs and immature males too lack nuptial pads.

Also, this feature is difficult to see other than the mating season. 

Reproductive Organs

Be it any living species, males and females have different genital organs; similar is the case with frogs.

However, regardless of external Mating, the genital organs of both male and female frogs are internal. 

Male frogs have a spermatic canal (not penis) and two interior testicles for producing sperms.

At the same time, a female frog’s body posses’ oviducts, ovaries, and uterus that store eggs. 

Though determining a frog’s gender through their reproductive organs is only possible by operating them. There is no external and operating way for the same. 

Observe their Humping behavior

As discussed above as well, male frogs often hump. Especially during the mating process, the male frog humps over the female frog’s back. However, you may notice male frogs humping on other occasions as well. They may hump over objects like rocks, plants, or even other male frogs, for that matter. However, in Contrast, you will never observe a female frog humping. 

Male Frog vs. Female Frog- Some More Facts. 

Apart from the above-determined characterization, that remains the same for both male and female frogs. Have a look:

  • Both male and female frogs can camouflage themselves against similarly-colored things. 
  • If threatened, both male and female frogs will run and jump to defend themselves. 
  • Both the gender’s shed their skin and eat it. 
  • Both male and female frogs can change their gender during the tadpole phase. This process of sex change is known as protogyny. 

For Further Reading

frogboy or girl? sexing frogs’ apart

10 Things to differentiate male frogs apart from females :

Croaking or Singing: Typically only male frogs sing or croaks except for white tree frogs.

Body size: In most frog and toads species, females are on average bigger than males.

Nuptial pads: Males frog species usually have rough patches of skin on their footpads to help them in climbing and holding on to surfaces.

Throat Skin: Males in some species have loose skin on their throats while females don’t.

Ears (Tympanum): Male frogs have larger ears than Female frogs of the same species.

Physical traits: Male frogs have spines and dermal papilla that distinguish them from females.

Colors: Males have vibrant colors while females are usually dull and non-attractive.

Vocal sac: Most male frogs (including tree frogs) have a “vocal sac” in their throats, which they inflate like an air balloon while croaking or making mating calls.

Male Behavior: Male frogs have active behavior as compared to female frogs. They attach themselves to logs, rocks, trees, and objects.

Mating: Only male frogs cling to female backs for mating and the “hugging” or “humping” aspect is referred to as amplexus.

Male Frog Vs Female Frogs infographic for kids


Can female frogs turn into males?

Yes, Frogs such as green frogs (Rana clamitans) can change their sex even in natural and pristine environments.

Can female frogs reproduce without a male?

The answer is both Yes and No. Female frogs give eggs without males counterparts, However, Egg fertilization happens outside as the male sprays sperm for the external fertilization process.

Do frogs drown each other?

Yes, During “explosive breeding“male frogs competing with other males leads to the death of the female either by crushing, suffocating, or drowning.

Do only male frogs croak?

Typically only male frogs sing or croaks except for white tree frogs where female croaks too.

Top 20 Giant Salamander Facts for kids

giant salamander facts for kids

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Giant Salamanders are amphibians that look like crocodiles. They are also known as Cryptobranchidae and are one of the largest living amphibians in the World.

They have four legs and a 4 to 6 inches long body, usually black, brown, or muddy in color.

Their entire body has a spread of spots or strips. Giant Salamanders are native to East Asia and are also native in the eastern United States.

How many species of giant salamanders are there?

Presently, there are at least 3 distinct species of Giant Salamanders,

  1. The American Hellbender.
  2. The Japanese Giant Salamander.
  3. The Chinese Giant Salamander.

Though, this wasn’t the case earlier. Do you know, back in time, several species of giant Salamander are extinct now? Let’s briefly about them.


It is an extinct species that once includes the largest Salamanders in the World.

Andrias are only known from fossils and their existence is believed from Oligocene to the Pliocene.

It is also the largest salamander species in the World, sizing 4 ft and 9 inches.


It is a prehistoric Cryptobranchids salamander that is today an extinct genus.

Researchers know about it through a fossil that was found in stratigraphic zone 6 in the Dinosaur National Monument.


It is a genus of pancryptobranchan urodelan that contains single species named Ukrainurus hypsognathus.

Ukrainurus is a urodelan known from the Miocene of Grytsiv locality, Ukraine.

American Giant Salamander Facts For Kids
An Eastern Hellbender foraging for crayfish on the bottom of the creek.

Fun facts about the American Hellbender

The American Hellbender facts, also known as Hellbender Salamander or the Cryptobranchus alleganiensis.

  • They are classified as the largest Salamanders in North America.
  • American Hellbender can grow up to 2 feet while can weigh equal to or more than four pounds.
  • They are the third-largest Salamanders in the World.
  • They spend most of their life under rocks.
  • In captive environments, an American Hellbender will survive for up to 29 years. Whereas in the wild, they can live up to 50 years.
  • American Hellbender is a harmless amphibian and have several names.
  • American Hellbenders are predominantly nocturnal.
  • They are fully aquatic and will never leave the water voluntarily.
  • Unlike other Salamanders, the American Hellbenders cannot regrow their limbs.
  • They have sharp enough teeth to bite through human skin.
  • They have a solid sense of smell.
  • As per fossil records, American Hellbenders are in existence for 160 million years now.
  • They are slow growers, and it takes 5 to 8 years for them to reach their sexual maturity.
  • American Hellbenders have light-sensitive cells located all over their body. These cells let them see through their whole body.

Fun facts about the Japanese Giant Salamander.

Andrias japonicus or Ōsanshōuo or The Japanese Giant Salamanders facts or Giant pepper fish.

  • They are the second-largest Salamanders in the World.
  • They can grow up to 5 feet and weigh up to 55 pounds.
  • Japanese Giant Salamanders typically live in fast-flowing water where oxygen supply is in abundance.
  • They live in forested and mountainous regions.
  • Japanese Giant Salamanders have week eyesight, and they rely mainly upon vibration and smell.
  • Because they have a prolonged metabolism, they can go weeks without eating.
  • Their life span can go as long as 70 years or even more, just like that of human beings.
  • They are one of the traditional delicacies in Japan and locals absolutely love eating them.
  • Japanese Giant Salamanders, when in captivity, tends to adapt to living in total darkness.

Fun Facts about the Chinese Giant salamanders

Andrias davidianus or Chinese Giant Salamanders facts

  • They are the largest salamanders and largest amphibians in the World.
  • Chinese Salamanders can grow up to 6 feet long though they commonly grow up to 3.7 feet.
  • Their average weight is nearly 55 to 66 lbs, but it can reach up to 110 lbs in various cases.
  • They live as long as humans, sometimes touching the age of 100 years.
  • Chinese Salamanders are also called living fossils as they have seen dinosaurs come and go.
  • As per researches, they diverged from other amphibians nearly 170 million years ago during the Jurassic Period.
  • Chinese Salamanders are critically endangered today. Water pollution, habitat loss, and over-harvesting for human consumption are some of the prime reasons for their near extinct.
  • Today, there are even less than 50,000 Giant Salamanders in the World. Most of the existing ones are not truly wild but farmed.

FAQ’S about Giant Salamanders

  1. Do giant salamanders eat humans?
    No, Giant Salamanders cannot eat humans. However, with their sharp teeth, they can bite across human flesh and skin. They usually are pretty inoffensive and will not purposely attack even if grabbed by fishermen.

  2. What is the largest Salamander ever recorded in the World?
    Until today, the largest Giant Salamander ever recorded is 5.9 feet long. It was found in the 1920s in the Southern China region.

  3. What is the smallest Salamander in the World?
    Thorius arboreus is reportedly the smallest amphibian in the World.

  4. How many years does a Giant Salamander live?
    Giant Salamander in the wild can live up to or more than 70 years. However, the once under captive lives lesser, nearly 30 to 40 years.

  5. Are Giant Salamanders Edible? Is it safe to eat Giant Salamanders?
    Yes, both the Chinese and Japanese Giant Salamanders have known delicacies of their respective countries. It is also one of the main reasons for them being an endangered species.

  6. Can I have a giant salamander as a pet?
    No, one must not keep a Giant Salamander as a pet.

For Further Reading

Hibernation vs Brumation vs Torpor Vs Dormancy?

Hibernation Vs Brumation Vs Torpor Vs Dormancy?\

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Hibernation vs Brumation

So, What is the difference between Hibernation and Brumation? Is hibernation a brumation? are they the same? many of us are confused about all these fancy terms,

In this article, we will discuss their basic aspects meanings, and differences.

Hibernation and Brumation are inseparable parts of the animal and reptile life cycle.

Hibernation and Brumation are closely related; however, both aren’t the same processes. 

When the cold temperature starts hitting up, animals enter into the stage of ‘Dormancy,’ which is referred to as Hibernation.

Animals who are hibernating go into a temporary physical and mental sleep.

It is when they store and recharge their energy for the coming year.

In contrast, Brumation is a ‘Dormancy’ period in which reptiles’ growth, development, and physical activity are temporarily stopped.

The reptile body usually shuts down during this period for conserving energy for the coming year. 

What is Hibernation? + Its meaning

Hibernation is a type of inactivity when certain hot-blooded animals reduce their activity in order to save energy.

As soon as it becomes cold outside, animals go into the stage of Dormancy.

It is the stage when their metabolic rate, heart rate, respiratory function, and body temperature drop down to a minimum. 

What triggers Hibernation?

Hibernation is usually triggered by two specific reasons, hormonal changes, and environmental changes.

During the fall season, mammals eat more food in order to increases the fat storage in their body.

This fat then helps them survive as they enter the Hibernating state in the winters.

Bullfrog burried down for hibernation
Bullfrog buried down in the ground and going into hibernation

Which happens during Hibernation?

Mammals who hibernate goes into a sleeping state where they can pass months in winter without engaging in any activity. 

Further, once they wake up from the Dormancy stage, their period of Hibernation comes to an end.

Because they have been in a state of rest for so long, getting back into normalcy takes time. 

Which Animals Hibernate? 

The most commonly known Hibernating animals are ‘Bears.’

However, bears go into Torpor which is not Hibernation in the true sense. Some of the hibernating animals include:

  • Chipmunk- They hibernate about 3 feet under the ground.
  • Bats– Though not all bats hibernate, the ones who do hide in the dark, like caves, etc.
  • Fat-Tailed Dwarf Lemurs– They hibernate in hollow trees with others from the group.
  • Wood Frogs– They hibernate under leafy areas or ground. Wood frogs seem like dead while they are hibernating. 
  • Bumblebees- Only Queen Bumblebees hibernate. They either dig in the soil or hide somewhere where they can stay away from the winter sun.
  • Snake– They hibernate along with 1000s of other snakes inside their dens.
  • Hedgehog- They hibernate in small, dry, sheltered areas like tree roots or woodpiles.

You May Also like to Read:

What is Brumation? Meaning of Brumation.

Brumation is similar to Hibernation, but not the same. Brumation is a state of sleep where cold-blooded animals go through the process of inactivity.

The process is specific to reptiles and amphibians. However, before they go into the stage of sleep, they don’t necessarily need to eat for the whole winter.

During Brumation, the metabolic rate of animals drops to an extreme low.

It further makes it difficult for them to digest overeating. Thus, Brumating animals refrain from doing the same. 

What triggers Brumation?

Brumating too is triggered due to the absence of daylight in the wild. Not only winters, but several reptiles can begin their Brumation in falls.

What happens during Brumation?

Though, unlike hibernating mammals, the ones who are in Brumation tend to step out in search of water.

They aren’t actually in a deep sleep but into a stage of suspended animation. It is more like sluggishness and inactivity.  

yosemite toad coming out after hibernation
Yosemite Toad (Bufo Canorus) Sierra Nevada Mountains, California. just come out of hibernation.

Which animals undergo Brumation?

List of Reptiles who enter the stage of Brumation:

  • Bearded dragons: They are the most common yet unpredictable reptiles which enter Brumation. Brumation with them can happen either never, every year, off-season, or for the longest time. 
  • Turtle- Turtle crawl inside their shell during the Brumation stage.
  • Land snail- They hide under rocks, between wall cracks, under leaves, or spaces where frogs cannot find them.
  • Garter Snake– They hide along with 1000s of other snakes inside their dens.

What is Torpor? + Meaning and Definition

Torpor is a state of mental and physical inactivity, similar to lethargy. It is more like a well-controlled thermoregulatory process.

Animals like a few mammals, rodent species, marsupial species, and birds go through the process of Torpor.

However, Torpor can vary in animals who hibernate or are in Brumation. 

Hibernation vs. Torpor; What’s The Difference?

Hibernation and Torpor are both voluntary and involuntary sleeping states in animals.

  • Torpor refers to a hypometabolic condition related to low body temperature. Hibernation refers to a state of regulated hypothermia where animals save energy during a low-temperature (weather) period. 
  • Torpor requires continued foraging, whereas hibernating does not require feeding during the entire process.
  • Torpor lasts for several hours, whereas Hibernation can go up to months. 

Is Torpor the same as sleep?

No, Torpor isn’t as exact as sleep. It is more of a survival tactic that allows animals to enter into the stage of inactiveness. Torpor is a shorter version of Hibernation.

It is when everything from body temperature to metabolic rate, respiratory functioning, and heart rate slower downs.

Animals who enter the stage of Torpor store and revive their energy for the common seasons. 

What Animals go into Torpor?

Almost all species of animals can undergo the daily torpor process. However, not all of them need to enter the stage. Mammals, amphibians, several marsupial species, and even birds go into Torpor. 

What is Aestivation? What Is Estivation?

Aestivation vs Estivation. Are They Both The Same?

Aestivation is much like Hibernation, an animal dormancy, though both have much difference.

Aestivation is also spelled Estivation in American English, and both have a similar meaning.

During Aestivation, animals enter the Dormancy stage, and the process can take place in both hot and dry seasons. 

Animals who enter the stage of Aestivation minimize their energy needs when the environmental conditions become challenging for them.

It is more like a surviving tactic that helps them go through unfavorable circumstances. 

Photo of Aestivating earthworm Source: commons.wikimedia.org Credits: Jtellerelsberg

Which animals undergo Aestivation?

List of animals who undergo Aestivation:

  • Spotted turtle
  • Certain air-breathing land snails
  • California tiger salamader 
  • Fat-tailed lemur
  • North American desert tortoise
  • Water-holding frog
  • Some insects like bees
  • Earthworms

What is Dormancy?

Dormancy is a physical stage. It is when the average life cycle of an organism, like growth, development, and physical activity, stops or slows down for a temporary time period.

It minimizes metabolic activity, which further supports saving energy.

Like Hibernation, Torpor, Aestivation, and Brumation, Dormancy too is associated with environmental conditions. 

What is plant Dormancy?

Is Dormancy common in both plants and animals? Yes, Dormancy is common in both plants and animals, with both of them surviving through a similar process. 

Plant Dormancy is a survival strategy, more likely it is a period of arrested plant growth.

The process lets plants survive in climates where their survival is unlikely difficult, possibly dry and winter seasons.

While plants are in the stage of Dormancy, they exhibit very little or almost no growth.

Unlike animals, plants do not take shelter or do not use their stored energy to survive the conditions. 

Types of Plant (tree) Dormancy

Plant (tree) dormancy is classified into three groups. 

  • Early rest
  • Winter rest
  • After-rest

All the phases are denoted with a unique set of physiological processes. Further, the transition phase (in plants) between all the phases is slower than in animals.  

What is Seed Dormancy? Types of Seed Dormancy

Seed Dormancy, in simple words, is a condition or state when seeds are prevented from germinating.

Dormancy here undergoes when environmental conditions are unfavorable and during mechanical restrictions. 

Seed Dormancy is classified into three types:

  • Innate Dormancy- It is the stage where seeds become incapable of germinating. Even if the environmental conditions and other factors are favorable germination won’t process.
  • Enforced Dormancy- In this stage, seeds become incapable of germination because of environmental restrictions.
  • Induced Dormancy- In this stage, seeds imbibed water but are under extremely unfavorable germinating conditions. It further leads to failure in the process. 

Is Hibernation a form of Dormancy?

Yes, Hibernation is a form of Dormancy. However, not all Dormant animals hibernate.

Whereas Hibernation has several specific rules and processes, Dormancy is mainly about slowed-down body functions. 

What does Cryptobiosis mean?

Cryptobiosis is a physiological condition where metabolic activity is reduced to an undetectable level; however, it doesn’t disappear.

It is a temporary state where some specific animals and plants adapt Cryptobiosis to survive in arid conditions.

During Cryptobiosis, all the metabolic processes stop, which results in the prevention of repair, development, and even reproduction. 

What does Diapause mean?

Diapause is a phase where development amongst insect, invertebrate, and mammal embryos is suspended.

The suspension or delay of development more likely occurs due to unfavorable environmental conditions. Diapause occurs in more than 130 species over the world, including humans as well. 

What does Stupor mean?

As explained in psychiatry, Stupor is an unresponsive mental condition. It is a level of consciousness and a lack of critical cognitive function.

During Stupor, the affected person becomes completely unresponsive.

However, during intense stimuli like pain or physical exertion, they might respond. It is more like insensibility and numbness. 

What does it mean to be in a stupor?

Stupor is likely a result of a medicinal drug or incident. It makes the individual almost unable to think and act.

It can be a severe mental state where the individual will only respond to the physical stimulation. 

Is Stupor a coma?

No Stupor and Coma both are different mental conditions. Where coma is a state of unarousable unresponsiveness, Stupor is when repeated physical stimulation can wake up the individual. 

Comparison Table

Term Found inExamples
Hibernation Mammals all types of winter dormancy
in vertebrate animals.
Chipmunks, bats, lemurs, Hedgehogs, Wood frog
Brumation Cold-blooded Animals
like Reptiles
Bearded dragons, Turtles, Snails, Gartner snakes
Prolonged torpor or dormancy of an insect, fish, or amphibian Bees, Water Holding frog, Tiger salamander
DormancySlow down of life cycles in
organisms usually plant.
Arrangement of petals and sepals in a flower bud.


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Do you want more information about Which disease can kill frogs? (15 Diseases you must know)


What do Tadpoles eat?+ What to feed Tadpoles.

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What Can I Feed A Tadpole? What do tadpoles eat usually. Well, As soon as spring hits the yearly chart, several animals come out of their hibernation, specifically the amphibians.

You will notice ponds near you filling with tadpoles and frogs. But did you ever thought what do the tadpoles eat to survive?

Tadpoles, though, aren’t pet animals, but because they are adorable and quirky, most people across the world pet them during the suitable season.

Depending upon the laws in your region, you can also pet a tadpole or a frog, but there are certain things you must ensure for providing them their ideal living environment.

To make sure the Tadpoles and frogs feel comfortable even if they not in their natural habitat, it is your responsibility to ensure what can tadpoles eat? And how often do tadpoles eat?

What can I feed tadpoles?

Before feeding tadpoles, it is crucial for everyone to know the tadpoles in Wild and tadpoles as pets have different dietary needs.

Because tadpoles begin their diet with entirely herbivorous options.

You can feed a pet tadpole things like Lettuce, baby spinach, broccoli, algae, duckweed, Lilypad, and moss.

During the early phase of their life, tadpoles tend to live in a really confined space like a pool, pond, or other collected water spaces.

This makes them dependent more upon algae, small leaves, and other greens found in and near small water bodies.

However, as and when a tadpole grows and transforms into a frog, their lifestyle and diet both expand as well.

What do Pet tadpoles eat?

What should I feed tadpole as a pet?

The dietary needs of a tadpole depend highly upon their living environments and the phase of their life.

If you are raising a tadpole as a pet, you will need to feed them depending on their species and follow specific guidelines.

Food items you can feed a pet tadpole

  • Broccoli
  • Baby Spinach
  • Egg Yolks
  • Tadpole specific Food
  • Algae Wafers
  • Green Peas
  • Zucchini

What do Newly hatched tadpoles eat?

The Newly hatched tadpoles are really tiny that there isn’t much need to feed them.

For the first few days they have hatched, they can survive on their egg shell, without feeding.

However, if you want to give them anything, consider feeding them the algae available in the water tanks.

What do 1 to 4 weeks tadpole eat?

What should I feed to a 1 to 4 weeks tadpole?

While the tadpole is 1 to 2 weeks old, feed them Lettuce, broccoli, and other variety of greens available at every regular household.

Tadpoles at this stage can also eat algae flakes or a minimal amount of fish food.

Further from 2 to 4 weeks, tadpoles must be feed insect larvae and insects.

Because this is a crucial phase for their growth, their dietary needs must get transferred from plants to carnivorous.

It is not problematic to feed them pellets, algae, and plant matter; however, introduce them to bloodworms, crickets, shrimp flakes, etc. soon as well

What do Wild tadpoles eat?

Depending upon their species and the region they are born in, tadpoles can eat a wide variety of things in the wild.

Their dietary requirements in the wild begin from nibbling into plants and moss;

However, once they cross 2 weeks, they also begin to feed on insects and larvae.

A newly hatched tadpole will initially feed on his egg Yolk sack. This egg York sack is filled with Protein and helps them with their initial growth.

Further, once done with that, tadpoles begin to search for food around them.

They will not feed upon plants, algae, moss, insects, and anything present around them.

List of things wild tadpoles feed upon

  • Mosses
  • Detritus
  • Carcasses in the water
  • Fish eggs
  • Frog eggs
  • Bacteria
  • Mosquito larvae
  • Redworms
  • Water striders
  • Protozoa
  • Their own eggs
  • Algae
  • Duckweed

What does a grown-up tadpole eat?

What can I feed a frog?

Tadpole initially is within a small egg, and their initial days are spent in the same stages.

Though after two weeks of hatching, tadpoles develop all four legs and begin living a meaningful territorial life.

At this stage, they first feed on plants, but later on, they turn carnivorous. You can now feed them with a standard frog diet.

What food items are ideal for a growing frog?

These food items are ideal for feeding a growing frog:

  • Algae
  • Fish flakes
  • Aphids
  • Algae flakes
  • Lettuce
  • Bloodworms
  • Crickets
  • Pellets
  • Mealworms
  • Broccoli
  • Fruit flies
  • Insect larvae

Can Tadpoles eat bananas?

Yes, you can feed tiny pieces of banana to tadpoles. Consider taking banana mashes and drop them into water.

It will dissolve quickly, making it convenient for tadpoles to eat. Banana is even easier for tadpoles to digest.

Can Tadpoles eat boiled eggs?

Any food that is rich in Protein is suitable for feeding tadpoles and frogs. But the question is, can tadpoles feed on eggs? Yes, definitely.

Eggs are full of nutrients and possess a high amount of Protein. Take hard-boiled eggs, crumble the egg yolk into tiny pieces and drop it into the tadpole pond or tank for feeding.

Boiled eggs are by far the best food item for both tadpoles and frogs, as with more Protein, they can grow bigger and stronger.

Can Tadpoles eat bread?

Tadpoles can eat bread crumbs. Take a fresh piece of bread or bread crumbs and dip it into their tank or pond during feeding time.

However, because bread is low on nutritional value and isn’t a naturally found food product, it is advisable that you should not feed it to tadpoles that often.

Due to its artificial nature, bread can get difficult for toads and frogs to digest.

Can Tadpoles eat cabbage?

Yes, vegetables like cabbage and Lettuce are an ideal plant-based diet for tadpoles and frogs.

For pet tadpoles, chop vegetables like cabbage, Lettuce, spinach. Further lightly steam, blanch, or boil them before feeding the tadpoles.

Before feeding them, make sure that the tough cellulose layers are broken during the cooking process.

Can Tadpoles eat grass?

Yes, grass is the most common herbivore’s diet for tadpoles and frogs. Take a small amount of grass and weed (preferably with roots) and make it float on their water tank/ pond. Avoid using grass that has got done under chemical or pesticide care.

For Further Reading

A complete Dart frog tadpoles Caresheet

How do Amphibians take care of young

Do tadpoles eat algae? Are algae bad for tadpoles?

One of the common questions is,

Can Tadpoles eat algae wafers?

Yes, Algae is one of the first and most common food for tadpoles.

A Tadpole birth, grow and survive in water, making algae the easiest and closest food for them.

Algae is good for tadpoles and will keep them healthier and stronger.

Can Tadpoles eat watercress?

Watercress is an aquatic plant, and anything that grows in water is ideal for feeding tadpoles.

Can Tadpoles eat cucumber?

Cucumber is rich in vitamin K, B-complex, folates, thiamine, riboflavin, niacinamide, magnesium, and potassium and thus is an excellent diet for tadpoles that kept in home tanks.

However, because it is crunchy and challenging to eat you must be cautious before feeding.

Peel the cucumber, slice it extremely thin and let it float in the tadpole tank. Frogs and tadpoles will eat it after that.

Can Tadpoles eat apples?

Tadpoles can eat most of the vegetarian (plant-based) diet, especially if it is easily digestible.

Apples are an excellent option to feed them, just peel it, slice it thinly, and let it float or sink in the tadpole tank. Apples help tadpoles and frogs grow healthy.

Can Tadpoles eat carrots?

Like rabbits, tadpoles also love feeding on carrots. However, because carrots are extremely tough and crunchy, you should not feed them directly to the tadpoles.

For feeding carrots to tadpoles, either mash, thaw, or puree it. Further, pour it into the water tank, and tadpoles/ frogs with quickly eat and digest it.

Can Tadpoles eat bloodworms?

Can baby frogs eat bloodworms?

Because tadpoles live in the Wild, they naturally are classified as hardcore omnivorous.

However, it is advisable not to feed bloodworms to tadpoles unless they are 6 weeks or older.

Once they are big enough and are in the stage of transforming into frogs, you can feed them bloodworms.

Do Tadpoles eat small fish?

What kind of fish will eat tadpoles?

Yes, Tadpoles at times can eat fish, but it is one of the rare scenarios.

Because tadpoles spend almost of their life in water, they tend to eat everything that is available naturally available inside a tank or pond. Grown-up tadpoles can sometimes feed on tiny fishes.

What bugs do tadpoles eat?

Do frogs eat mosquitoes? Do Tadpoles eat flies?

For healthier growth, tadpoles require a diet that is rich in Protein.

They can eat several bugs, including bloodworms, aphids, mosquitos, flies, and cricket.

Do frogs eat mosquito larvae?

Will mosquito larvae kill tadpoles?

Mosquito larvae are the most common and first carnivorous diet to which tadpoles and frogs are introduced.

Because mosquito larvae are easily found in water, tadpoles can eat and digest it.

It is a sustainable part of their diet, and it would not harm to them.

Can Tadpoles eat Spirulina?

Yes, tadpoles can eat Spirulina but rather than adding the spirulina powder directly to the tank, make a suspension and then feed the tadpoles.

Spirulina is rich in vitamins and Protein and thus ideal as a tadpole/frog diet. Take 2-3 ml of spirulina suspension per 30 tadpoles daily into your tadpole pond or tank.

Do tadpoles eat Soilent green?

Soylent Green is a treat option for pet tadpoles. Thus, it must not replace their diet but can be given once a week or ten days.

What do tadpoles eat in a pond?

Tadpoles grow in ponds, and anything from algae to mosquito larvae, water fleas, small plants come under their diet.

Once there is no more food left in the pond/ tank, frogs or grown-up tadpoles even jump out in search of their diet.

Can Tadpoles eat fish flakes?

Tadpoles can eat both fish flakes and fish pellets quite quickly.

However, it is not the best for them and isn’t a sustainable diet either; fish flakes and pellets must be given as a treat.

You can also opt for exceptional tadpole food, which is readily available in pet stores and supermarkets.

What do tadpoles eat? What to feed them?
What do tadpoles eat? What to feed them?

Can Tadpoles eat fish pellets?

Can Tadpoles eat shrimp pellets?

Yes, tadpoles can eat shrimp pallets, but like fish pallets, they too must not be given on a frequent basis.

Non-veg food choices are rich in protein and nutrients and thus are suitable for growth in tadpoles.

Do Tadpoles eat each other?

Tadpoles and frogs, though, generally aren’t ruthless cannibals, and thus eating each other is not common amongst the tribe.

However, if their dietary resources are incredibly scarce, there are chances that tadpoles end eating each other.

Also, wild tadpoles eat whatever is available, which at times includes frog eggs and freshly hatched tadpoles as well. 

Do frogs live in trees? What are tree frogs?

Yes, apart from ponds, frogs do live on trees as well. There is a particular frog species who spend their whole life living on trees.

Except for Antarctica, tree frogs can be found in all other continents, and there are nearly 800 species of them.

What do tree frogs eat?

What do green tree frogs eat?

Tree frogs can be both herbivorous and insectivores. They feed on crickets, flies, ants, beetles, moths, worms, and even live-fly pupae.

There are several small invertible which trees frog feed upon. 

What do African Dwarf frogs eat?

African Dwarf frogs are the native aquatic species that, for their dietary needs, depend upon commercial fish and toad food, brine shrimp, bloodworms, tiny live fishes, and worms.

Any aquatic animal that is tiny and easy to swallow can get feed to the African dwarf frogs.

How often should you feed tadpoles?

Tadpoles require frequent feeds and a large amount of diet in order to grow healthier and stronger.

Because they tend to grow soon enough after they are newly hatched, tadpoles come with a big appetite.

However, avoid overfeeding them. If the food item is still left in the tank 2 to 3 hours after feeding the pet tadpoles, it is a sign that you are overfeeding them.

What food should I not feed tadpoles?

There is an array of options that tadpoles can feed upon, but there are certain things you must refrain from feeding them.

  • Avoid processed human food as seasoning and food chemicals in them can kill tadpoles.
  • Avoid dog and cat food as tadpoles cannot digest them.
  • Avoid excessively sugary food.
  • Avoid red meat as it can get tricky for tadpoles to digest.
  • Avoid fish food until it is an emergency.
  • Avoid giving them treats more than once a week.

Tadpole and frog diet isn’t really confusing, but specific guidelines must be followed before feeding them.

Right food items, correct proportion, right frequency, and things to avoid must be kept in mind.

Do Frogs fart? All About Amphibian Farting

Do all frogs fart

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An introduction to Farting.

Farting, a natural phenomenon that generally humans get ashamed of.

But you must know there isn’t anything to be embarrassed about farts.

As per medical science, an average human farts 15 to 25 times a day.

Some farts can be stinky whereas some can be odorless, some farts can be loud some can be silent, though every form reflects the activity of the bacteria in your gut.

No matter what age group you are, Farting is normal for every human being.

Though if the counts increase, then the pre-defined scientific observation is the time one must focus upon their eating, metabolism, and digestion.

What do you know about Human Farting? Here are some detailed insights

What is the cause of Farting?

Farting is a regular and essential process of digestion in humans. As a part of digestion, our body produces intestinal gas, which further needs to be released.

This intestinal gas releases in the form of burps from the mouth or in the form of gas through the anus.

While you swallow anything from food, water, or even your own saliva, you swallow a small portion of air along.

Or, while you are chewing gum, smoking, or drinking with the help of straw, you unknowingly swallow intestinal gas,which later builds up inside your digestive system.

Also, once you have had your meal, the digestion process begins and collects gasses like methane, carbon dioxide, and hydrogen.

What causes a Fart?

In simple words, fart is caused by the gas in the bowel. Gases like oxygen, nitrogen, and carbon dioxide are primarily found inside the human digestive system.

These gases together form exogenous air, also called flatulence, inside the alimentary canal.

The human digestive system generally produces 500 to 2,000mls of gas which is pads out in the form of fart via the anus at regular intervals.

A human fart can include a number of known gases like carbon dioxide, nitrogen, methane, etc.

Do Frogs Fart? All About Amphibian Farting
what caused a fart?

Is it good to fart?

Yes, Farting is the by-product of the digestive system, and thus it is healthy and good for your body.

Gas builds up inside the body, and Farting indicates the process of breaking down and processing food.

Of all the gas that builds up inside the body, some are absorbed naturally; however, the remaining must be released either through burping or Farting.

Individuals who hold their farts due to embarrassment can cause them pain and bloat.

If you fart regularly through the day, it will help you reduce abdominal pains, reduce bloating, improve your colon health, and eventually make your gut healthier.

For Further Reading

Can holding in a fart kill you?

A common question most individuals have is- can you die from holding in a fart? Actually No.

Neither any scientific evidence nor any real-time experiences confirm that holding a fart can kill you.

However, holding a fart by is not right as it can create discomfort in your abdomen or can lead you to acute pain.

What happens when you hold your fart for long?

Farting is a natural body process, and it functions as effortlessly as breathing.

While the gas inside your intestine moves into your rectum, your body automatically creates a slight pressure and releases it out from the anus in the form of a fart.

However, if you clench your buttocks and tighten your anal sphincter muscles, you can actually hold your fart.

Once you do that, the gas pressure further develops inside your digestive system leading to cause slight discomfort, pain, gurgling, bubbling, and bloating.

As per research, some of the fart (which we hold on) gets absorbed by our blood system.

Further, when it transfers around the body, it can lead to pain, and in severe conditions, you might feel dizziness.

Also, if you will hold onto your fat, it might release in the form of high-intensity burps.

What is the evolutionary purpose of farts?

Farting is not always and all about what we do and what we eat. But they are the bacteria (s) in our gut that digest complex carbohydrates that we cannot.

It further produces gas from digestion in the bowel right next to the sphincter.

Our digestive system has multiple living bacteria that help with multiple processes, including digestion inside the body.

What do different fart sounds mean?

Farts can be squeaky, loud, exploding, or silent at all. Depending upon the muscles around the anus or the pressure of gas in your intestine, your fart can be of any sound, low or high.

If there is extreme pressure built inside your digestive system, your fart will be loud and explosive.

However, if the pressure is low, your fart can be silent and even difficult to feel.

What is a wet fart called?

Wet fart is also known as Watery flatulence. It is when along with your fart, some liquid passes out (the liquid can be a watery stool or even mucus).

Watery flatulence is an underlying health condition or a digestive disorder caused by a number of conditions.

Loose stool, medicinal conditions, lactose intolerance, gluten intolerance, pelvic surgery, or other digestive infections can lead to wet farts.

Now coming back to the topic, “Do amphibians fart?”. It is clear that Farting is a natural process; do not restrict gas and let it take place naturally.

Introduction to Animal Farting

Almost all mammals and amphibians accept Sloths can Fart. Like with humans, Farting is an absolutely natural phenomenon for most other living beings.

Amphibians, like frogs, automatically farts without any voluntary control—their fart release gasses including ammonia, hydrogen, carbon dioxide, and methane.

Do Amphibians fart?

Yes, amphibians do fart, though not all of them. As per scientific research, several amphibians may not have strong enough sphincter muscles to create the necessary pressure for Farting.

They do ooze out gasses continually but classifying it in the category of ‘Farting’ is still a topic of discussion.

Do Salamanders fart?

Salamanders are a group of amphibians that possess the mixed appearance of both lizards and frogs. While their body and tail are long like Lizard, their skin is quite smooth and moist like that of frogs.

Salamanders are known to have weak sphincters muscles. Because these muscles are known to support the process of releasing farts, it is speculated that Salamanders cannot fart.

Can frogs fart? Can toads fart?

Similar to Salamanders, Frogs, and toads have weak sphincters muscles. In effect that, any gas they release via their rear end would not create enough sound or vibration like a fart.

However, if both conditions are marked out, frogs and toads are considered to be the amphibians that fart.

Interesting Facts about Animal Farting

We humans aren’t the only living being that Farts. Do you know, animals including both pet and wild Farts as typically as humans?

  • Humans first cousins, Baboons and Monkey Farts, during their Mating process

Because we humans Fart, there is no surprise that our closest living beings, Monkeys and Baboons, fart as well.

When a female monkey is ready to mate during reproductive time, her bottom and sexual organs swell, making them pass smelly gasses. This process can get classified as farting.

  • Zebras can fart so loud that they can create a perfect bass track

Zebra, though are one of the beautiful African animals, but they have some major gas issues.

While a Zebra is running, he can fart so hilariously loud that you can hear it even from a distanced place.

  • Sea Lions have the smelliest Fart of all the living beings

Not only does the Sea Lions fart, but their Fart is the most stinking of all. A rotten fish may smell litter and bearable than of the gas the Sea Lions release. If you happen to encounter it, make sure you hold your nose hard.

  • Millipedes, the tiny they are, so is their Fart.

One of the smallest creepy crawlies, Millipedes, farts proportional to their body size, and until you do not have an object to hear it, you might even overlook the deed.  

  • Don’t mistake the cuteness of Dolphins with their farting powers

Has it ever smelled rotten while you were posing with a Dolphin? They might be farting. Because of their fishy diet, Dolphins Fart is the deadliest (almost unbearable to smell). Though you won’t hear the sound.  

  • Fishes farting is still a point of argument.

As in several studies, fishes do not Fart but use air to inflate and deflate their bladder.

It helps them maintain buoyancy, which is either released through their gills or mouth. The process can be mistaken as Fart, though.

  • Octopus doesn’t fart.

Octopus can expel a jet of water, but they do not fart. Similarly, soft-shell clams or sea anemones also do not fart.

  • Birds cannot fart

Due to the lack of stomach bacteria that build up gases in the intestine, birds cannot fart. Or actually, they don’t need to.

Top 25 Farting Animals

These are the animals who have the biological need for passing gas.

  1. Dogs- Like humans, dogs too fart multiple times a day. It smells and sounds as same as in humans. Though if it smells extremely stinky, it can get controlled.
  2. Cats-They does Fart but less prominently and frequently as Dogs. You might not even notice.
  3. Cows- There’s a widespread myth that cow’s Fart causes global warming. However, said the myth, cow’s fart releases methane.
  4. Rats- Farting is quite familiar with rats, though they cannot burp or vomit. Their Fart, though, would not be audible, but you can smell it.
  5. Camel- Camel’s fart and release potent greenhouse gas, methane. Their Fart can be 21 times stronger than carbon dioxide.
  6. Elephants– Elephants fart; it is no less than a hurricane. Bare yourself, keep your distance, or you would vomit.
  7. Termites- They can fart more powerfully than cows.
  8. Zebras- You can hear their Fart from far across. They are extremely loud.
  9. Cockroaches– They produce 35 gm of methane gas a year and can fart twice more than their actual weight.
  10. Giraffes- Giraffes may look elegant and attractive, but when they fart, do make sure you have your nose closed.
  11. Sea lions– If you want to smell the deadliest Fart, do go close to Sea lions.
  12. Dinosaurs– According to studies, Dinosaurs farted enough gases that would have warmed up the planet.
  13. Bullfrogs- Though their sphincter muscles aren’t very strong enough, it is evident that they fart.
  14. Lion- They fart like spray.
  15. Tiger– Their fart smell like rotten fish and sulphur.
  16. Ants– Some researchers suggest that ants can fart because they possess the necessary physical components.
  17. Bear- Their Fart can be horrifically stinky.
  18. Chicken– Because their intestines are capable of digesting food, chickens do Fart. The process of gas forming in their body is much similar to humans.
  19. Duck- Because we count ducks amongst birds, there is no evidence of birds farting yet.
  20. Horse- Because they are totally dependent upon a plant-based diet, horses fart so much.
  21. Lizards- they have bacteria in their intestine, which makes lizards Fart though it is rare.
  22. Sea Turtle- Their tendency in loudness and duration can differ; however, sea turtles do Fart.
  23. Sheep– They can fart in large quantities and release a high percentage of methane.
  24. Donkey- Yes, like horses, donkeys fart as well.
  25. Spider– Spiders can possibly fart, but it isn’t scientifically proven yet.

Which animals do not fart?

Most Animals don’t fart? Why can’t they fart

Not all animals’ farts. For example, sea animals like Octopuses, soft-shell clams, and sea anemones do not possess the physical built and ability to fart.

Whereas when every named mammal can fart, Sloths lacks in the ability.

Apart from animals, birds too cannot fart. Though there isn’t anything that keeps them from burping and farting, there is still no evidence of them doing the same.

FAQ’S (Frequently asked questions)

Which animal does the loudest Fart?

Zebras notedly have one of the loudest farts of all. Deer, too, fart pretty loud.

What is the deadliest Fart?

If believed true, cow’s Fart can prove deadliest for the environment also, if believed what the Greek historian Herodotus said, once an irreverent Roman soldier farted so badly that it created a ruckus which led to the death of more than 10,000 people.

Which animal has the smelliest Fart?

Sea lions and Seals emit the smelliest gas.

Can spiders fart?

Spiders can fart; however, it isn’t scientifically proven yet.

Do butterflies fart?

Flies, including bees and butterflies, can fart. However, it isn’t evident until and unless there is a deep scientific study going on.

Do worms fart?

As per researches, worms do not pass gas or Fart.

Does a snake Fart? Do Reptiles Fart?

Yes, snakes can fart, and there is quite scientific evidence to that. However, it does not evidently smell. Like snakes, several other reptiles fart.

Do dogs fart? Canine Flatulence.

Yes, Dogs can fart just like us humans. Even though the farting process is quite common amongst pet animals, if its frequency increases, owners must closely look upon the issue; if your dog or cat farts more often than normal, then get their lactose and gluten tolerance checked.

Do dogs know when they fart?

Once they fart, dogs would walk away from the bad smell. Because their sense of smell is pretty strong, dogs are known to detect sulfureous odors.

Does It Fart? Book Review

Does It Fart? Finally, here is a book that introduces the reader to some jam-packed and interesting Fart facts about Fart. Both the authors, Nick Caruso and Dani Rabaiotti, have made sure that the book covers both interests and natural curiosity amongst the readers.

At the end of your reading session, you will learn several surprising facts, interesting scientific researches, and a lot of information that turn Fart from fun to a learning topic swiftly.

Get it from Amazon for Hardcore $16, Paperback $12.87 and Kindle, $9.99, Barnes & Noble also for $15, or a local bookseller through IndieBound.

How to Create a Bioactive Terrarium for Dart Frogs?

How to create a Bioactive Terrarium

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In this article, we will be discussing creating a self-sustaining Bioactive Terrarium for Dart Frogs aka Dendrobatids.

A Semi Self Sustaining Dendrobatid Vivarium

The tank setup described below is the one that I use for my breeding and rearing tanks.

Its primary purpose is to provide the Dendrobates with an environment that is heavily planted,

high in humidity, and uses the plants to filter and clean the water that is constantly available to them.

I have been using this setup and once the Pothos become heavily rooted in the Green moss and water,

then the water that is available for the frogs always looks good (I have not had it tested).

How to create a Arid Bioactive Paludarium terrarium?

I do not believe that I have had any frogs go down because of this type of tank setup and I do not have to change water dishes regularly.

I will strip a tank only when I believe that a diseased frog was in it.

My maintenance involves spraying the tank heavily, and then siphoning out all the old water and adding new water.

If this works for you too then I am glad, if not, then I am open to better suggestions.

Also, my display tanks are all just variations of this theme.

Tropical terrarium for frogs
Tropical terrarium or pet tank for frogs

So, How do you make a bioactive terrarium?

Some of the Things you will Need:


Everything listed above can be purchased at a hardware store like Home Depot,

except the 7-mesh canvas which I get at a craft store, and the aquarium of course.

Also note, that there will be leftover materials that can be used on other setups so that each tank will not end up costing cheaper.

how to Create Poison dart frog vivarium

Cleaning the Vivarium

Begin by cleaning the aquarium and the plastics that will go into it.

I have found that it is sufficient to simply rinse them off well, but feel free to use a cleaner or soap.

Just make sure that you rinse everything off well.

Dry the glass of the tanks so you will not get any mineral deposits.

This will be avoided after the tank is set up by the use of the spring or Reverse Osmosis water.

Using a pair of wire cutters, snip a section of the egg-crate panel so that it is the same width as the interior of your tank, and then make it 4 inches shorter.

We will be using this for the area where the frogs will be able to get down to the water.

You can fine-tune the width by trimming the individual tongs from the side that you snipped.

Snip the end for the length you cut close to the next square so you have an even edge.

Place five spacers on end, at the bottom of the empty tank.

They should be oriented in a rectangle with one in the middle.

Now, put the egg-crate on top of the spacers.

What is a false bottom terrarium?

A false bottom is simply a reserved layer of substrate used in the inner base of the vessel being used to create your vivarium.

its importance lies in the fact that it prevents excess water accumulation in roots,

thus preventing them from rotting, and also maintains a healthy environment in the vivarium.

Note: Waterlogged substrate may cause foul-smelling and growth of harmful bacteria in the vivarium ecosystem.

Do bio-active tanks requires a drainage layer?

Usually, a bioactive paludarium is self-sustaining, but in case the tank is fully enclosed with a non-removable bottom layer,

using a simple water pump can easily expel excess water and also recycle the drainage water.

Vivarium Egg Crate Method

The egg-crate should be flush with one end of the tank so you can still see about four inches of the bottom of the tank on the other end.

There is a variation of this that I use for my bigger tanks (40 and 55 gallons);

I cut the egg- crate even shorter (proportionally) and place it in the exact center so that there will be areas of water available to the frogs at both ends.

I have another tank where the water is in the middle and the ends are flush, so you can begin to see the possibilities. Use your imagination.

Now, take the 7-mesh and trim its width so that it sits nicely on the egg-crate.

If you bought the small sheets then you will have to trim the length of one, using part of another sheet.

That is OK, but I always hang the longer piece over the end of the tank without the egg-crate (it should reach almost the end of the tank).

This will give it more stability. Notice, that this will keep the frogs from getting under the egg-crate and drowning.

You can now secure the mesh to the egg- crate using wire (I use a small-grade, copper-insulated wire) so that it won’t move around.

Another benefit of doing this will be seen when you break the tank down (the mesh will stay attached to the egg-crate and the Pothos roots will have intertwined with both).

how to ventilate a vivarium?

Put everything back in the tank, and using a sharp knife (I use a steak knife) cut holes in the mesh where you will want to put your Pothos clippings.

I usually space my holes all along the perimeter and pretty heavily between the water and a clear area at the other end of the tank (this is where I place my hut).

How to Choose the Right Tank Size?

One note, I use my 10 gallons for breeding tanks (like the National Aquarium in Baltimore), so I have them on shelves side by side, deep or lengthwise.

I can fit four 10 gallons. aquariums on a 48-inch shelf this way (I only have to use a single 48-inch shop light for 4 tanks then),

So the water end faces outward and the hut end is in the back, giving frogs some privacy.

On the bigger tanks, I don’t cut holes, because I don’t use Pothos cuttings,

I plant African Violets, Ferns, and other plants directly into the Green moss, and their roots work through the mesh to the water.

For Further Reading: Vivarium Plants for Beginners (20 Easy Vivarium Plants)

Take your Pothos plant and collect cuttings from it.

Rinse the cuttings in not-to-cold tap water to remove any pesticide(s)

(the chlorine in the tap water helps sterilize them too).

Place the cuttings in the holes of the mesh.

Soak the green moss in the spring water and then place it on the mesh, working it around your cuttings.

Make sure you pack it fairly tightly so that it is up against the three sides of the tanks and supporting the cuttings.

I don’t put any green moss in the water end, but I suppose you could put a little.

The mesh should be hanging over the end of the egg-crate, touching and covering the bottom of the tank to almost the end of the tank,

and you can now put pebbles and bigger rocks to make a little beach for your frogs.

I will usually just place one river rock to hold the mesh down,

then I don’t have to add as much water to the bottom of the tank, and the frogs seem to prefer this.

How to Water a Terrarium?

Add some more spring water to the tank, but do not fill it to the top of the spacers, you do not want the green moss sitting on the water.

I usually only have about a ¼ inch of standing water when I first set up a tank, so that I can mist or spray it down a good many times before I have to siphon some off.

For the lid, measure the width and length on the inside lip of the top of your tank, and using marker trace lines on the smooth side of the panel.

Using a utility knife score the panel, and then snap off the piece.

Test it to make sure that it fits snugly on the top lip of your tank.

You can leave it as one piece, in which case you should drill some air holes in the middle,

or I cut that piece in the middle so that I only have to lift one end to feed, and the gap is big enough so that I don’t have to make any air holes.

Is a bioactive terrarium worth it?

Yes, a bioactive terrarium is definitely worth the price and setup.

A properly functioning bioactive enclosure provides a perfectly healthy environment for pets.

Moreover, Once properly established, the habitats are not only good-looking,

But also easy to care for and provides a natural wild-like environment for your pets even in captivity.

And there we go: Conclusion

I live in Arizona where the average humidity is about 20%,

so using this type of lid I can create an environment with about 80% humidity,

which is perfect for the average Dendrobate.

I suppose you could use a screen top if you lived in a high humidity area.

At one end of the panel drill two holes about ¾ of an inch apart and use some more wire to make a little handle (I have used plastic ties in a pinch).

Put the lid(s) on the tank and place your light fixture on top and you are done with the necessities, from here out it is up to you to customize. 

 Good Luck Amigos!!

Self-cleaning, self-maintaining poison dart frog bioactive terrarium.

What Is Amplexus?+Types and Importance

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The mating process of Amphibians and some marine species are classified as Amplexus.

Does information about amphibians, especially frogs, interest you? If yes, then go with us through the detailed discussion below.

During the spring or summer nights, we often hear frogs and toads singing their usual Chorus. However, how many of you know what that Chorus actually signifies? 

Throughout the summer nights, the frogs and toads call or attract their female tribe in order to mate.

To specific the roles, only the male tribe calls, whereas the females are the ones responding.

Once they have found their partners, the actual mating process begins, which is commonly referred to as Amplexus.

What Is Amplexus? What does it mean?

Amplexus, in simple words, refers to the physical position where the male and female frogs are directly in contact.

The duration of this process can vary from a variety of Amphibians; for some, it might last a few hours, whereas, for others, it may stretch to a few days.

Though during the entire process, the female partners carry the male partner over her back.

What happens during Amplexus?

The male frog takes his position on the back of the female frog and grasps tightly into the female with his front legs.

Further, the male frog releases sperms through the cloacae, whereas the females release the eggs, which together process the fertilization.

The closer both males and females are, the better and efficient the process of fertilization goes.

Amplexus positions in frogs
Credits twitter alinorth_893

Types of Amplexus in amphibians

There are two types of Amplexus, first known as the inguinal and another known as axillary.

Both the types are differentiated depending upon the mating position of the male amphibian over the female amphibian.

Amplexus Positions and why they are important?

There are a few different kinds of Amplexus positions which can be classified as,

  • Inguinal
  • Axillary
  • Cephalic
  • Glued
  • Independent
  • Gular or Loose
  • Scapular
  • Mating ball
  • Head straddle
  • Dorsal straddle
Various Amplexus positions in toads and frogs
Credits Twitter @UNSW

Axillary Amplexus

When a male amphibian grasps the female from the amphibian’s axillary region (forelimbs), it is classified as axillary one.

Inguinal Amplexus

When a male amphibian grasps the female from the inguinal region (around the waist), with the help of his forelimbs, the process is classified as inguinal one.

Amplexus in Rhacophorus malabaricus, the Malabar gliding frog. This frog can glide from higher branches to the ground.

Inguinal or Lumbar Amplexus

When a male amphibian grasps onto the hind legs of the female frogs, it is classified as Lumbar Amplexus.

Cephalic amplexus

When the head of the female mate is held while the other shows a complete lack of amplexus, it is classified as Cephalic amplexus.

Dorsal straddle amplexus

Dorsal Straddle is irrelatively a new form of Matting in frogs where the male frog does not actually embrace the female frog but straddles over her back.

In this position, the abdomen of the male frog is positioned on the lower dorsum of the female frog.

Glued amplexus

Glued Amplexus is a position where the male frog jumps over the back of the female frog and then grasps her from behind, either around her waist or under/behind her arms.

Mating ball

A mating ball is when multiple male frogs engage with a single female frog trying to initiate amplexus.

The high male-to-female ratio in amphibians, especially frogs, lead to the mating ball. At times, the mating ball can also lead to drowning if the ball is not broken up, further leading to fatal results.

amboli toad amplexus
Amboli Toad amplexus, This Toad is endemic to western ghats, very active during Monsoon

What is an Amplexus in biology and zoology?

Amplexus in both biology and zoology is referred to as the mating technique of anurans (tail-less amphibians).

The process does not include penetration as male amphibians do not possess a penis.

However, the sperms of male anurans run over female anurans’ eggs and further fertilize them.

A pair of fringed leaf frogs in amplexus on a leaf

In what type of reproduction do two frogs undergo Amplexus?

Unlike other reproducing beings, frogs do not involve in the penetration process.

Instead, frogs choose Amplexus, where the male frog straddles over the back of a female frog, releases his sperms over her back, and then moves away.

Further, the female frog lays her egg. Later on, the male sperms trickle down her back, meet with the eggs, and begin fertilization.

Surprisingly there is no direct contact between both the sexes during the fertilization process.

Why do frogs enter a mating posture called Amplexus?

Reproduction in frogs’ processes outside instead of inside of the female body.

Both male and female frog releases simultaneously (male releases sperm and female releases egg).

To make sure that the sperm reach the eggs, both the partners undergo, a mating process.

Common toad amplexus
Common toad amplexus

Why is Amplexus important?

Significance of amplexus in frog reproduction

Amplexus is the matting process in Anurans which eventually leads to the fertilization process further.

The Amplexus position helps to align the cloacae.

Cloaca is referred to the physical opening from which both male and female anurans release sperms and eggs, respectively.

Its Accuracy is essential because the closer the partners are, the more efficient the fertilization be.

Moor frog (Rana arvalis) couple in amplexus mating position

What is the purpose of Amplexus in Anurans?

Fertilization in most of the Anurans does not occur internally. Both the partners release their sperm and eggs in the water, and this fertilization method further shapes males’ strategies for siring.

Pair of Red-eyed Tree Frogs amplexing

How does frog mate?

The male frog begins to sing in order to attract the females from the tribes.

Further approached female frogs choose their mate. The male frog then embraces or grabs the female from the back, typically known as Amplexus.

The entire matting process can be tough on both males and females, though, because the ratio of male over female frogs is more, males at a time attempt to dislodge the already matting partners.

Spring Peeper Tree frogs mating amplexus
Spring Peeper Tree frogs mating, smaller male on top

Why do frogs get on each other’s backs?

Frogs cling to each other’s back in order to mate, and this process is known as Amplexus.

Within this process, the female frog allows the male to further place his cloaca near hers to fertilize her eggs.

Do female frogs die after laying eggs? Do female frogs die after amplexus?

Why do frogs hug each other? Is hugging amplexus?

The process where frogs hug each other is called Amplexus.

Though it might seem like a normal hugging process from a human perspective, in animal biology, the process regards as Matting.

Male and female Stony Creek Frog’s in amplexus

Why are two frogs stuck together? Is this amplexus?

The male frogs grow a kind of pad on their front legs, which helps them hold onto the female body from the back.

Because otherwise, the skin of any frog is quite glossy and slippery, without pads, the male frog will slip out of the grip.

For Further Reading: Do amphibians lay eggs? how many do they lay?

Wanna know? What Do Frog Eggs Look like (Where They Keep Them)?


Can frogs mate with themselves?

No frogs cannot mate with themselves but with another sex from their own species. It is due to the specific matting position and external reproduction process

Are frogs pansexual?

No, frogs are not pansexual, typically what we see and understand in humans. Frogs only mate with their opposite sex.

Can frogs change sexes?

Yes, as per some research and evidence, frogs, especially the West African frogs, can successfully switch/ change their sex.
As known till now, the sex change in frogs can happen due to increased levels of estrogen released into the water.
Also, frogs can only change their sex while they are tadpoles.

Are there any frogs that are asexual? Are frogs monogamous?

No frogs are not asexual. However, the frogs found in the Brazilian Atlantic rainforest can be classified as monogamous.
As they tend to mate with only one or two specific females through the matting season.

Can frogs die during mating? Can frogs die during amplexus?

Yes, female frogs can drown and die due to the sheer exhaustion of the breeding activity.

Especially during the matting ball where multiple male frogs try to mate with one single female frog, the female one can drown in the pond due to the extreme exertion and weight.

During the mating process, the male frog clings over the female’s back, and the process might last up to few hours or even a few days.

Because the entire procedure is quite hectic, the female frogs tend to die after that. However, this isn’t a compulsory case with all of them.

Do Frogs try to mate with fish?

Yes, during the mating season, you can sometimes find frogs grasp/ latch over fish or anything they can.

Female frogs are lesser in number than male frogs, and male frogs and toads get a little over-excited during the mating season.

Further, if they fail to find a female frog, they will mate with fish.